Re-mit-tance n. 1. The sending of money to someone at a distance. 2. The sum of money sent.
New research shows the astonishing scope of remittances, with formally documented flows now estimated at US$90 billion for 2003. Globally, remittances now constitute the largest source of financial flows to developing countries after foreign direct investment (FDI). Indeed, in many countries they now exceed FDI flows.
Remittances: Development Impact and Future Prospects explores policy options for enhancing the poverty alleviation impact of remittance money in recipient countries, and addressees concerns about increasing migration and inequality. It looks at new technologies that allow remittance service providers to reduce direct transaction costs and open new channels, enhancing convenience for remitters and improving levels of transparency and accountability for regulators and policy makers.
The book also establishes a baseline for further research and collaborative effort, showing the areas where the international financial institutions, particularly the World Bank, can add value to enhance the positive impact of remittance flows and minimize less welcome effects.
Edited by Samuel Munzele Maimbo, who has already published authoritative articles on this subject, and Dilip Ratha, who first revealed the global significance of remittances, this book is intended for remittance service providers, as well as policy makers and researchers interested in financial sector, migration and development issues.